Research in the Biogeochemistry Group focuses on microbiological and geochemical processes that control bioactive element cycling in the marine environment. We employ geochemical, microbiological, modeling, molecular and single-cell techniques to study the environmental regulation of these processes, and their effects on the global biogeochemical cycles.
Our goal is to provide fundamental insights into microbial mediated processes in the Ocean that ultimately affect Ocean chemistry, biology and climate, and vital input for models used to predict potential future changes resulting from human activities.
10. July 2018
New insights into the evolutionary history of nitrification
In a new study published in the journal mbio (http://mbio.asm.org/content/9/4/e01186-18), K. Kitzinger and colleagues from University of Vienna (Austria), Radboud University (The Netherlands), Aalborg University (Denmark) and the MPI for Marine Microbiology describe the first pure culture of the nitrite oxidizing genus Nitrotoga, N. fabula, its physiological and genomic potential, and reveal a novel nitrite oxidizing enzyme, which expands the picture of the evolutionary history of nitrification and hints at the possibility of archaeal nitrite oxidizers.
20. June 2018
Novel methane oxidizer from a stratified lake
A new study published in the journal Environmental Microbiology by J. Graf, J. Milucka and colleagues reports on the abundance, genomic potential and functional gene transcription of a blooming denitrifying methanotroph, "Ca. Methylomirabilis limnetica", from a deep stratified freshwater lake.
14. June 2018
The microbial nitrogen cycling network
A comprehensive review by M. Kuypers, H. Marchant and B. Kartal has been published in Nature Reviews Microbiology. This Review summarizes our current understanding of the microbial nitrogen-cycling network, including novel processes, their underlying biochemical pathways, the involved microorganisms, their environmental importance and industrial applications.
Nitrogen loss from freshwater reservoirs
A new study published in the journal Nature Communications by Dr. Wajih Naqvi (CSIR) and colleagues shows that methane accumulation in anoxic freshwater systems seems to facilitate rapid loss of reactive nitrogen. M. Kuypers and G. Lavik were involved in this work. See full MPI press release HERE.
Sulfide oxidizers in oxygen minimum zones
A new study published in the journal Nature Communications by C. Callbeck and colleagues demonstrates how offshore transport of shelf waters leads to high abundance and activity of sulfide-oxidizing denitrifying bacteria in sulfide-poor offshore OMZ waters. See full MPI press release HERE.
13. December 2017
Novel nitrogen fixer from an oxygen minimum zone
A new study published in the journal Environmental Microbiology by C. Martinez-Perez, W. Mohr and colleagues reports the isolation of a metabolically versatile non-cyanobacterial marine nitrogen fixer, Sagitulla castanea.