Dr. Christian Borowski


Abteilung Symbiose

MPI für Marine Mikrobiologie
Celsiusstr. 1
D-28359 Bremen




+49 421 2028-8230

Dr. Christian Borowski


    Sogin EM, Klei­ner M, Borowski C, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Dubilier N. 2021. Life in the dark: Phy­lo­ge­ne­tic and phy­sio­lo­gi­cal di­ver­si­ty of che­mo­syn­the­tic sym­bio­ses. Annual Review of Microbiology. In press.

    Ro­ma­no C, Nu­nes-Jor­ge A, Le Bris N, Rou­se GW, Mar­tin D, Borowski C. 2020. Woo­den Step­ping Sto­nes: Di­ver­si­ty and Bio­geo­gra­phy of Deep-Sea Wood Bo­ring Xy­lo­pha­gai­dae (Mol­lu­s­ca: Bi­val­via) in the North-East At­lan­tic Oce­an, With the De­scrip­ti­on of a New Ge­nus. Front Mar Sc7. doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.579959

    Kryl­o­va EM, Sah­ling H, Borowski C 2018. Re­sol­ving the sta­tus of the fa­mi­lies Ve­si­co­my­idae and Kel­li­el­li­dae (Bi­val­via: Ve­ne­ri­da), with no­tes on their eco­lo­gy. Journal of Molluscan Studies 84(1): 69-91. doi:10.1093/​mol­lus/​ey­x050

    Rubin-Blum M, Antony CP, Borowski C, Sayavedra L, Pape T, Sah­ling H, Bohr­mann G, Klei­ner M, Red­mond MC, Va­len­ti­ne DL, Dubilier N. 2017. Short-chain al­ka­nes fuel mus­sel and spon­ge Cycloclasticus sym­bi­onts from deep-sea gas and oil seeps. Nature Microbiology 2:17093. doi:10.1038/nmicrobiol.2017.93

    Sahling H, Borowski C, Escobar-Briones E, Gaytán-Caballero A, Hsu C-W, Loher M, MacDonald I, Marcon Y, Pape T, Römer M, Rubin-Blum M, Schubotz F, Smrzka D, Wegener G, Bohrmann G (2016). Massive asphalt deposits, oil seepage, and gas venting support abundant chemosynthetic communities at the Campeche Knolls, southern Gulf of Mexico. Biogeosciences 13: 4491–4512.

    Assié A, Borowski C, van der Heijden K, Raggi K, Geier B, Leisch N, Schimak MP, Dubilier N, Petersen JM 2016. A specific and wide­spread associ­ation between deep-sea Bathymodiolus mussels and a novel family of Epsilonproteobacteria. Environ. Microbial. Reports. doi:10.1111/​1758-2229.12442

    Fagervold SK, Romano C, Kalenitchenko D, Borowski C, Nunes-Jorge A, Martin D, Galand PE. 2014. Microbial communities in sunken wood are structured by wood-boring bivalves and location in a submarine canyon Plos One 9 (5), e96248. doi:DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096248

    Koschinsky A, Kausch M, Borowski C. 2014. Metal concentrations in the tissues of the hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus: Reflection of different metal sources. Marine Environmental Research 95, 62-73. doi:

    Wentrup C, Wendeberg A, Schimak M, Borowski C, Dubilier N. 2014. Title: Forever competent: Deep-sea bivalves are colonized by their chemosynthetic symbionts throughout their lifetime. Environmental Microbiology 16 (12), 3699–3713. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.12597

    Marcon Y, Sahling H, Borowski C, dos Santos Ferreira C, Thal J, Bohrmann G. 2013. Megafaunal distribution and assessment of total methane and sulfide consumption by mussel beds at Menez Gwen hydrothermal vent, based on geo-referenced photomosaics. Deep-Sea Research I 75, 93-109. doi:

    Wentrup C, Wendeberg A, Huang JY, Borowski C, Dubilier N. 2013. Shift from widespread symbiont infection of host tissues to specific colonization of gills in juvenile deep-sea mussels. Isme Journal 7 (6), 1244-1247. doi:10.1038/ismej.2013.5

    van der Heijden K, Petersen JM, Dubilier N, Borowski C. 2012. Genetic connectivity between North and South Mid-Atlantic Ridge chemosynthetic bivalves and their symbionts. Plos One 7 (7), e39994 doi:39910.31371/journal.pone.0039994. doi:e39994 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039994

    Wendeberg A, Zielinski F, Borowski C, Dubilier N. 2012. Expression patterns of mRNAs for  methanotrophy and thiotrophy in symbionts of the hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis. Isme Journal 6 (1), 104-112. doi:10.1038/ismej.2011.81

    Petersen JM, Zielinski F, Pape T, Seifert R, Moraru C, Amann R, Hourdez S, Girguis PR, Wankel SD, Barbe V, Pelletier E, Fink D, Borowski C, Bach W, Dubilier N. 2011. Hydrogen is an energy source for hydrothermal vent symbioses. Nature 476 (11 August 2011), 176-180. doi:doi:10.1038/nature10325

    Zielinski FU, Gennerich H-H, Borowski C, Wenzhöfer F, Dubilier N. 2011. In situ measurements of hydrogen sulfide, oxygen, and temperature in diffuse fluids of an ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal vent field (Logatchev, 14°45′N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge): Implications for chemosymbiotic bathymodiolin mussels. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 12, Q0AE04. doi:doi:10.1029/2011GC003632

    Haase KM, Koschinsky A, Petersen S, Devey CW, German C, Lackschewitz KS, Melchert B, Seifert R, Borowski C, Giere O, Paulick H. 2009. Diking, young volcanism and diffuse hydrothermal activity on the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge: The Lilliput field at 9° 33' S. Marine Geology 266 (1-4), 52-64. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2009.07.012

    Knab NJ, Cragg BA, Hornibrook ERC, Holmkvist L, Pancost RD, Borowski C, Parkes RJ, Jørgensen BB. 2009. Regulation of anaerobic methane oxidation in sediments of the Black Sea. Biogeosciences 6 (8), 1505-1518.

    Leloup J, Fossing H, Kohls K, Holmkvist L, Borowski C, Jørgensen BB. 2009. Sulfate-reducing bacteria in marine sediment (Aarhus Bay, Denmark): abundance and diversity related to geochemical zonation. Environmental Microbiology 11 (5), 1278-1291. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01855.x

    Petersen S, Kuhn K, Kuhn T, Augustin N, Hekinian R, Franz L, Borowski C. 2009. The geological setting of the ultramafic-hosted Logatchev hydrothermal field (14° 45' N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge) and its influence on massive sulfide formation. Lithos 112 (1-2), 40-56. doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2009.02.008

    Zielinski FU, Pernthaler A, Duperron S, Raggi L, Giere O, Borowski C, Dubilier N. 2009. Widespread occurrence of an intranuclear bacterial parasite in vent and seep bathymodiolin mussels. Environmental Microbiology 11 (5), 1150-1167. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01847.x

    Borowski C, Petersen S, Augustin N. 2008. New coordinates for the hydrothermal structures in the Logatchev vent field at 14°45’N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Supplement to article in InterRidge News, Vol. 16. InterRidge News 17, 20.

    Knab NJ, Cragg BA, Borowski C, Parkes RJ, Pancost R, Jørgensen BB. 2008. Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) in marine sediments from the Skagerrak (Denmark): I. Geochemical and microbiological analyses. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 72 (12), 2868-2879. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2008.03.016

    Naudts L, Greinert J, Artemov Y, Beaubien SE, Borowski C, De Batist M. 2008. Anomalous sea-floor backscatter patterns in methane venting areas, Dnepr paleo-delta, NW Black Sea. Marine Geology 251 (3-4), 253-267. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2008.03.002

    Borowski C, Asendorf V, Bürk D, Collasius Jr A, Elder R, Fabian M, Forte P, Fuhrmann R, Hansen S, Jost CL, Keir R, Kevis-Stirling J, Kevis-Stirling N, Perner M, Petersen JM, Røy H, Schauer R, Schmale O, Schmidt K, D., S., Waters R, Wefers P, Wetzel S. 2007. New coordinates for the hydrothermal structures in the Logatchev vent field at 14°45’N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. InterRidge News 16, 13-14.

    Leloup J, Loy A, Knab NJ, Borowski C, Wagner M, Jørgensen BB. 2007. Diversity and abundance of sulfate-reducing microorganisms in the sulfate and methane zones of a marine sediment, Black Sea. Environmental Microbiology 9 (1), 131-142. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01122.x

    Hübscher C, Borowski C. 2006. Seismic evidence for fluid escape from mesozoic cuesta type topography in the Skagerrak. Marine and Petroleum Geology 23, 17-28.

    Brandt A, Malyutina M, Borowski C, Schriever G, Thiel H. 2004. Munidopsidid isopod attracted to bait in the DISCOL area, Pacific Ocean. Mitteilungen des Hamburger Zoologischen Instituts und Zoologischen Museums 101, 275-279.

    Giere O, Borowski C, Prieur D. 2003. Biological productivity in hydrothermal systems. In: Halbach, P.E., Tunnicliffe, V., Hein, J.R. (Eds.), Energy and Mass Transfer in Marine Hydrothermal Systems. Dahlem Workshop Press, Berlin, pp. 211-233.

    Koschinsky A, Borowski C, Halbach P. 2003. Reactions of the heavy metal cycle on technical activities in the deep-sea: A summary. International Revue of Hydrobiology 88, 100-125.

    Borowski C, Giere O, Krieger J, Amann R, Dubilier N. 2002. New aspects of the symbiosis in the provannid snail Ifremeria nautilei from the North Fiji Back Arc Basin. Cahiers De Biologie Marine 43, 321-324.

    Stecher J, Türkay M, Borowski C. 2002. Faunal assemblages on the Pacific­Antarctic Ridge near the Foundation Seamount chain (37°30' S, 110°30' W). Cahiers De Biologie Marine 43, 271-274.

    Thiel H, Bluhm H, Borowski C, Bussau C, Gooday AJ, Maybury C, Schriever G. 1992. The DISCOL Project. The Impact of mining on Deep-Sea organisms. Ocean Challenge 3 (1), 40-46.

    Borowski C. 2001. Physically disturbed deep-sea macrofauna in the Peru Basin, S.E. Pacific, revisited seven years after the experimental impact. Deep-Sea Research II 48 (17-18), 3809-3839. doi:10.1016/s0967-0645(01)00069-8

    Schriever G, Borowski C, DISCOL working group. 2001. Seafloor macrofauna in potential mining areas: parameters for assessment, recommended techniques and levels of replication. Standardization of Environmental Data and Information: Development of Guidelines. Proceedings of the 2001 International Seabed Authority Workshop held in Kingston, Jamaica. International Seabed Authority, Kingston, pp. 326-368.

    Thiel H, Schriever G, Ahnert A, Bluhm H, Borowski C, Vopel K. 2001. The large-scale environmental impact experiment DISCOL - reflection and foresight. Deep-Sea Research II 48 (17-18), 3869-3882.

    Ahnert A, Borowski C. 2000. Environmental risk assessment of anthropogenic activity in the deep-sea. Journal of Aquatic Ecosystem Stress and Recovery 7 (4), 299-315. doi:10.1023/a:1009963912171

    Bluhm H, Borowski C, Ahnert A, Vopel K, Schriever G, Thiel H. 1999. Reaktionen benthischer Tiefsee-Lebensgemeinschaften auf mechanische Störungen der Sedimente. Deutsche Hydrographische Zeitschrift Supplement 10, 149-152.

    Borowski C, Thiel H. 1998. Deep-sea macrofaunal impacts of a large-scale physical disturbance experiment in the Southeast Pacific. Deep-Sea Research II 45, 55-81.

    Foell EJ, Bluhm H, Borowski C, Thiel H. 1997. German environmental risk assessments in the southeastern Pacific Peru Basin. Otc 8345, 549-566.

    Schriever G, Ahnert A, Bluhm H, Borowski C, Thiel H. 1997. Results of the large scale deep-sea environmental impact study DISCOL during eight years of investgation. Proceedings of the seventh (1997) ISOPE Conference, May 25-30 1997, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, pp. 1-7.

    Schriever G, Ahnert A, Borowski C, Thiel H. 1997. Results of the large scale deep-sea environmental impact study DISCOL from eight years of investigation. International Symposium on Environmental Studies for Deep-Sea Mining. 20-21 November 1997, Tokio, Japan.

    Borowski C. 1996. Taxonomische und ökologische Untersuchungen an der sedimentbewohnenden Tiefsee-Makrofauna eines Manganknollenfeldes im Peru-Becken (Äquatorialer Ostpazifik) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Polychaeta. Ergebnisse aus dem Tiefsee-Umweltschutzprojekt DISCOL. Shaker, Aachen.

    Borowski C. 1995. New records of Longosomatide (Heterospionidae) (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the abyssal Southeast Pacific with the description of Heterospio peruana sp. n. and general remarks on the family. Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst. 92 (Suppl. 1), 129-144.

    Borowski C. 1994. Benthic macrofauna and polychaetes from an experimental area in the deep Peru Basin (SE Pacific). Mémoires du Muséum Nationale d'Histoire Naturelle 162 (Zoologie), 614.

    Borowski C. 1994. Responses to an environmental impact in the deep-sea: benthic macrofauna in the DISCOL experimental area (DEA) of the SE Pcific. 7th Deep Sea Biology Symposium. IMBC, Crete, 1994.

    Borowski C. 1994. Three new deep-sea species of Sphaerodoridae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Eastern Tropical South Pacific. Zoologica Scripta 23, 193-203.

    Thiel H, Schriever G, Bussau C, Borowski C. 1993. Manganese nodule crevice fauna. Deep-Sea Research I 40 (2), 419-423.

    Foell EJ, Schriever G, Bluhm H, Borowski C, Bussau C, Thiel H. 1992. Disturbance and recolonization experiment in the abyssal South Pacific Ocean (DISCOL): an update. Proceedings of the Offshore Technology Conference Vol. OTC 6805, 25-34.

    Schriever G, Bluhm H, Boetius A, Borowski C, Bussau C, Thiel H. 1992. DISCOL - Precautionary large scale environmental impact studies for future polymetallic nodule mining from the deep sea. In: Manna, R. (Ed.), The mining outlook. Proceedings of the 15th world mining congress, 25-26 may 1992, Madrid, pp. 1311-1319.


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