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Symbiosis Department - Publications


Publications of members of the Symbiosis Department

2024 Kleiner M, Polerecky L. Lott C, Bergin C., Häusler S, Liebeke M,Wentrup C, Musat N, Kuypers MMM, Dubilier N. 2024. Mechanism of high energy efficiency of carbon fixation by sulfur-oxidizing symbionts revealed by single-cell analyses and metabolic modeling. bioRxiv. DOI:
  Michellod DLiebeke M. 2024. Metabolic dialogue: host-compound shapes gut microbiota. Nature Microbiologydoi: 10.1038/s41564-023-01592-8
  Saharuka V, Vieira LM, Stuart L, Ekelöf M, Molenaar MR, Bailoni A, Ovchinnikova K, Soltwisch J, Bausbacher, T, Jakob, D., King, M, Müller MA., Oetjen J, Pace C, Pinto FE, Strittmatter,N. Velickovic D, Spengler B, Muddiman DC, Liebeke M, Janfelt C, Goodwin R, Eberlin LS, Anderton CR, Hopf C, Dreisewerd K, Alexandrov T. 2024. Large-scaleevaluation ofspatial metabolomics protocols and technologies. bioRxiv

Scharhauser F, Saavedra DEM, Pröts P, Ott JA, Geier BGruber-Vodicka HR, Polikarpov M, Bourenkov G, Leisch N. 2024. Revision of the genus Robbea (Stilbonematinae: Desmodoridae), worldwide abundant marine nematodes with chromophoric Fe–Br inclusions and the description of a new stilbonematine genus. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, zlae005,

  Zuffa S, Schmid R, Bauermeister A, Gomes P, Wender P, Caraballo-Rodriguez AM; El Abiead Y, Aron, Allegra T, Liebeke M, Bourceau P, Gentry EC, Zemlin J, Meehan MJ. 2024. A taxonomically-informed mass spectrometry search tool for microbial metabolomics data. Nature Microbiology




2023 Bourceau P, Vulture B, Suerdieck,V, Bien T, Soltwisch J, Dreisewerd K, Liebeke M. 2023. Visualization of metabolites and microbes at high spatial resolution using MALDI mass spectrometry imaging and in situ fluorescence labeling. Nature Protocols. DOI:
  Espada-Hinojosa S, Karthäuser C, Srivastava A, Schuster L, Winter T,de Oliveira AL, Schulz F, Horn M, Sievert S, Bright M. 2023 Comparative genomics of a vertically transmitted thiotrophic bacterial ectosymbiont and its close free-living relative.Molecular ecology resources.DOI: 10.1111/1755-0998.13889
  Geier B, Gil-Mansilla E, Liutkeviciute Z, Hellinger R, Vanden Broeck J, Oetjen J, Liebeke M, Grube CW. 2023. Multiplexed neuropeptide mapped in ant brains integrating microtomography and 3D mass spectrometry imaging. PNAS Nexus. DOI:10.1093/pnasnexus/pgad144
  Kleiner M, Kouris A. Violette M,D'Angelo G, Liu Y, Korenek A, Tolić N, Sachsenberg T, McCalder J, Lipton MS, Strous M. 2023. Ultra-sensitive Isotope probing to quantify activity and substrate assimilation in microbiomes.Microbiome11, 24. DOI:
  Kröber, E. 2023. Versteckte Mitesser: chemosynthetische Symbionten in schwefeliger Umgebung. BIOSpectrum 05.23. DOI: 10.1007/s12268-023-1976-x
  Michellod D, Bien T, Birgel D, Violette M, Kleiner M, Fearn S, Zeidler C, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Dubilier N, Liebeke M. 2023. De novo phytosterol synthesis in animals. Science 380 (6644) 455-456. DOI: 10.1126/science.add7830
  Najle, SR, Grau-Bové X, Elek A, Navarrete C, Cianferoni D, Chiva C, Cañas-Armenteros D, Mallabiabarrena A, Kamm K, Sabidó E, Gruber-Vodicka H, Schierwater B, Serrano L, Sebé-Pedrós A. 2023. Stepwise emergence of the neuronal gene expression program in early animal evolution. Cell. 186(21) 4676-4693.
  Saadi AJ, de Oliveira AL, Kocot KM, Schwaha T. 2023. Genomic and transcriptomic survey of bryozoan Hox and ParaHox genes with emphasis on phylactolaemate bryozoans. BMC genomics



2022 Bourceau PMichellod DGeier BLiebeke M. 2022. Spatial metabolomics shows contrasting phophonolipid distribution in tissues of marine bivalves. PeerJ Analytical Chemistry. DOI:
  Buck-Wiese H, Andskog MA, Nguyen NP, Bligh M, Asmala E, Vidal-Melgosa S, Liebeke M, Gustafsson C, Hehemann J-H. 2022. Fucoid brown algae inject fucoidan carbon into the ocean. PNAS. DOI:
  Kröber E, Mankowski A, Schäfer H. 2022. Microorganisms associated with Sporobolus anglicus, an invasive dimethylsulfoniopropionate producing salt marsh plant, are an unrecognized sink for dimethylsulfide. Rising Stars in Terrestrial Microbiology 2022 in Frontiers in Microbiology. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2022.950460
  Kröber E, Kanukollu S, Wende S, Bringel F, Kolb S. 2022. A putatively new family of alphaproteobacterial chloromethane degraders from a deciduous forest soil revealed by stable isotope probing and metagenomics. Environmental Microbiome. DOI:
  Michellod D, Bien T, Birgel D, Jensen M, Kleiner M, Fearn S, Zeidler C, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Dubilier N, Liebeke M. 2022. De novo phytosterol synthesis in animals. bioRxiv. DOI: 10.1101/2022.04.22.489198
  Paredes GF, Viehboeck T, Markert S, Mausz MA, Sato Y, Liebeke MKönig L, Bulgheresi S. 2022. Differential regulationofdegradation andimmune pathways underlies adaptation of the ectosymbiotic nematode Laxus oneistus tooxic‑anoxic interfaces. Scientific Reports. DOI: 
  Sato YWippler JWentrup CAnsorge RSadowski MGruber‑Vodicka H, Dubilier N, Kleiner M. 2022. Fidelity varies in the symbiosisbetween a gutless marine worm and itsmicrobial consortium. Microbiome. DOI: 10.1186/s40168-022-01372-2
  Schorn S, Ahmerkamp S, Bullock E, Weber M, Lott C, Liebeke M, Lavik G, Kuypers M, Graf JS, Milucka J. 2022. Diverse methylotrophic methanogenic archaea cause high methane emissions from seagrass meadows. PNAS
  Sogin EM, Michellod D, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Bourceau P, Geier B, Meier DV, Seidel M, Ahmerkamp S, Schorn S, D’Angelo G, Procaccini G, Dubilier N, Liebeke M. 2022. Sugars dominate the seagrass rhizosphere. Nature Ecology & Evolution
  Vohsen SA,Gruber-Vodicka HR, Meyer M, Sadowski M, Dubilier N, Fisher CR, Baums IB. 2022. The deep-sea coral,Callogorgia delta, associated with bacteria belonging to a novel marine branch of the Mollicutes.bioRxiv.. DOI: 10.1101/2022.10.07.511369
  Vonnahme TR, Klausen L, Bank RM, Michellod D, Lavik G, Dietrich U, Gradinger R. 2022. Light and freshwater discharge drive the biogeochemistry and microbial ecology in a sub-Arctic fjord over the Polar night. Frontiers Mar. Sci. 9:915192.



Albecker MA, Wilkins LGE, Krueger-Hadfield SA, Bashevkin SM, Hahn MW, Hare MP, Kindsvater HK, Sewell MA, Lotterhos KE, Reitzel AM, 2021. Does a complex life cycle affect adaptation to environmental change? Genome-informed insights for characterizing selection across complex life cycle. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 288 (1964), 20212122.


Breinlinger S, Phillips TJ, Haram BN, Mares J, Yerena JAM, Hrouzek P, Sobotka R, Henderson WM, Schmieder P, Williams SM, Lauderdale JD, Wilde HD, Gerrin W, Kust A, Washington JW, Wagner C, Geier B, Liebeke M, Enke H, Niedermeyer THJ, Wilde S B. Hunting the eagle killer: A cyanobacterial neurotoxin causes vacuolar myelinopathy. Science,371(6536), 1335. doi:10.1126/science.aax9050


Franke M, Geier B, Hammel JU, Dubilier N, Leisch N. 2021. Coming together—symbiont acquisition and early development in deep-sea bathymodioline mussels. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 288(1957), 20211044.


Geier B, Oetjen J, Ruthensteiner BPolikarpov M, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Liebeke M. 2021. Connecting structure and function from organisms to molecules in small-animal symbioses through chemo-histo-tomography. PNAS. 118(27)e2023773118; doi:10.1073/pnas.2023773118


Kröber E, Wende S, Kanukollu S, Buchen-Tschiskale C, Besaury L, Keppler F, Vuilleumier S, Kolb S, Bringel F. 2021.13C-chloromethane incubations provide evidence for novel bacterial chloromethane degraders in a living tree fern. Environmental Microbiology. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.15638


Janda M, Seah BKB, Jacob D, Beckmann J, Geier B, Liebeke M. 2021. Determination of Abundant Metabolite Matrix Adducts Illuminates the Dark Metabolome of MALDI-Mass Spectrometry Imaging Datasets. Analytical Chemistry.  93 (24), 8399-8407  doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.0c04720


Kröber E, Cunningham MR, Peixoto J, Spurgin L, Wischer D, Kruger R, Kumaresan D. 2021. Comparative genomics analyzes indicate differential methylated amine utilization trait within members of the genus Gemmobacter. Environmental Microbiology Reports. doi:10.1111/1758-2229.12927


Mankowski A, Kleiner M, Erséus C, Leisch N, Sato Y, Volland J-M, Hüttel B, Wentrup C,Woyke T, Wippler J, Dubilier N, Gruber-Vodicka H. 2021. Highly variable fidelity drives symbiont community composition in an obligate symbiosis. bioRxiv. doi:10.1101/2021.04.28.441735


Mohr W, Lehnen N, Ahmerkamp S, Marchant HK, Graf JS, Tschitschko B, Yilmaz P, Littmann S, Gruber-Vodicka H, Leisch N, Weber M, Lott C, Schubert CJ, Milucka J, Kuypers MMM. 2021. Terrestrial-type nitrogen-fixing symbiosis between seagrass and a marine bacterium. Nature 600, 105–109.


Sato Y, Wippler J, Wentrup C, Ansorge R, Sadowski M, Gruber-Vodicka H, Dubilier N, Kleiner M. 2021. Fidelity varies in the symbiosis between a gutless marine worm and its microbial consortium. bioRxiv. doi:


Sogin E, Michellod D, Gruber-Vodicka H, Bourceau P, Geier B, D Meier, Seidel M, Hach PF, Procaccini G, Dubilier N, Liebeke M. 2021. Sugars dominate the seagrass rhizosphere. bioRxiv, 797522. doi:10.1101/797522


Sogin E, Kleiner M, Borowski C, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Dubilier N. 2021. Life in the dark: Phylogenetic and physiological diversity of chemosynthetic symbioses. Annual Review of Microbiology75 (1), 695-718. doi:10.1146/annurev-micro-051021-123130


Ücker M, Ansorge R, Sato Y, Sayavedra L, Breusing C, Dubilier N. 2021. Deep-sea mussels from a hybrid zone on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge host genetically indistinguishable symbionts. ISME J. doi:10.1038/s41396-021-00927-9




Ansorge R, Romano S, Sayavedra L, Rubin-Blum M, Gruber-Vodicka H, Scilipoti S, Molari M, Dubilier N, Petersen J. 2020. The hidden pangenome: comparative genomics reveals pervasive diversity in symbiotic and free-living sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. bioRxiv, 2020.2012.2011.421487.


Assié A, Leisch N, Meier DV, Gruber-Vodicka H, Tegetmeyer HE, Meyerdierks A, Kleiner M, Hinzke T, Joye S, Saxton M, Dubilier N, Petersen JM. 2020. Horizontal acquisition of a patchwork Calvin cycle by symbiotic and free-living Campylobacterota (formerly Epsilonproteobacteria). ISME J 14: 104–122. doi:10.1038/s41396-019-0508-7


Breusing C, Franke M, Young CR. 2020. Intra-host symbiont diversity in eastern Pacific cold seep tubeworms identified by the 16S-V6 region, but undetected by the 16S-V4 region. PLOS ONE 15(1):e0227053.


Buck-Wiese H, Fanuel M, Liebeke M, Le Mai Hoang K, Pardo-Vargas A, Seeberger PH, Hehemann J-H, Rogniaux H, Jackson GP, Ropartz D. 2020.  Discrimination of β-1,4- and β-1,3-linkages in native oligosaccharides via charge transfer dissociation mass spectrometry. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 31(6):1249–59.


Franke M, Geier B, Hammel JU, Dubilier N, Leisch N. 2020. Becoming symbiotic – the symbiont acquisition and the early development of bathymodiolin mussels. bioRxiv 2020.10.09.333211. doi:10.1101/2020.10.09.333211


Geier B, Liebeke M. 2020. Die chemische Sprache von Symbiosen sichtbar machen. Biospektrum 26:493–495. doi:10.1007/s12268-020-1435-x


Geier B, Oetjen J, Ruthensteiner B, Polikarpov M, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Liebeke M. 2020. CHEMHIST, connecting structure and function from organisms to molecules in small animal symbioses through chemo-histo-tomography. bioRxiv 2020.09.28.316802. doi:10.1101/2020.09.28.316802


Geier B, Sogin EM, Michellod D, Janda M, Kompauer M, Spengler B, Dubilier N, Liebeke M. 2020. Spatial metabolomics of in situ host–microbe interactions at the micrometre scale. Nature Microbiology. 5(3):498–510.


Gruber-Vodicka HR, Seah BKB, Pruesse E. 2020. phyloFlash: Rapid Small-Subunit rRNA Profiling and Targeted Assembly from Metagenomes. mSystems 5. doi:10.1128/mSystems.00920-20


Hahn CJ, Laso-Pérez R, Vulcano F, Vaziourakis K-M, Stokke R, Steen IH, Teske A, Boetius A, Liebeke M, Amann R, Knittel K, Wegener G. 2020. “Candidatus Ethanoperedens,” a Thermophilic Genus of Archaea Mediating the Anaerobic Oxidation of Ethane. mBio 11:e00600-20. doi: 10.1128/mBio.00600-20

  Hinger I ,Ansorge R , Mussmann M , Romano S. 2020. Phylogenomic Analyses of Members of the Widespread Marine Heterotrophic GenusPseudovibrioSuggest Distinct Evolutionary Trajectories and a Novel Genus,Polycladidibactergen. nov. Appl Environ Microbiol 86(4).  
  Koch EJ, Moriano-Gutierrez S, Ruby EG, McFall-Ngai M, Liebeke M. 2020. The impact of persistent colonization by Vibrio fischeri on the metabolome of the host squid Euprymna scolopes. Journal of Experimental Biology 223(16): jeb212860. doi:10.1242/jeb.212860  

Ponnudurai R, Heiden SE, Sayavedra L, Hinzke T, Kleiner M, Hentschker C, Felbeck H, Sievert SM, Schlüter R, Becher D, Schweder T, Markert S. 2020. Comparative proteomics of related symbiotic mussel species reveals high variability of host–symbiont interactions. ISME J 14: 649–656. doi:10.1038/s41396-019-0517-6

  Romano C, Nunes-Jorge A, Le Bris N, Rouse GW, Martin D, Borowski C. 2020. Wooden Stepping Stones: Diversity and Biogeography of Deep-Sea Wood Boring Xylophagaidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in the North-East Atlantic Ocean, With the Description of a New Genus. Front Mar Sci 7. doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.579959  
  Sato Y, Wippler J, Wentrup C, Woyke T, Dubilier N, Kleiner M. 2020. High-Quality Draft Genome Sequences of the Uncultured Delta3 Endosymbiont (Deltaproteobacteria) Assembled from Metagenomes of the Gutless Marine Worm Olavius algarvensis. Microbiol Resour Announc 9. doi:10.1128/MRA.00704-20  
  Sato Y, Wippler J, Wentrup C, Dubilier N, Kleiner M. 2020. High-Quality Draft Genome Sequences of Two Deltaproteobacterial Endosymbionts, Delta1a and Delta1b, from the Uncultured Sva0081 Clade, Assembled from Metagenomes of the Gutless Marine Worm Olavius algarvensis. Microbiol Resour Announc 9. doi:10.1128/MRA.00276-20  
  Scharhauser F, Zimmermann J, Ott JA, Leisch N, Gruber‐Vodicka HR. 2020. Morphology of obligate ectosymbionts reveals Paralaxus gen. nov.: A new circumtropical genus of marine stilbonematine nematodes. Zoologica Scripta 49:379–394. doi:10.1111/zsc.12399  

Schucht PJ, Ruehr PT, Geier B, Glaw F, Lambertz M. 2020. Armored with skin and bone: A combined histological and mu CT-study of the exceptional integument of the Antsingy leaf chameleon Brookesia perarmata (Angel, 1933). Journal of Morphology 281(7):754–64.


Seah BKB, Volland J-M, Leisch N, Schwaha T, Dubilier N, Gruber-Vodicka HR. 2020. Kentrophoros magnus sp. nov. (Ciliophora, Karyorelictea), a new flagship species of marine interstitial ciliates. bioRxiv 2020.03.19.998534. doi:10.1101/2020.03.19.998534


Sichert A, Corzett CH, Schechter MS, Unfried F, Markert S, Becher D, Fernandez-Guerra A, Liebeke M, Schweder T, Polz MF, Hehemann J-H. Verrucomicrobia use hundreds of enzymes to digest the algal polysaccharide fucoidan. Nature Microbiology 5(8):1026–39.


Sogin EM, Leisch N, Dubilier N. 2020. Chemosynthetic symbioses. Current Biology 30:R1137–R1142. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2020.07.050


Vohsen SA, Anderson KE, Gade AM, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Dannenberg RP, Osman EO, Dubilier N, Fisher CR, Baums IB. 2020.  Deep-sea corals provide new insight into the ecology, evolution, and the role of plastids in widespread apicomplexan symbionts of anthozoans. Microbiome 8(1):34.


Ansorge R, Romano S, Sayavedra L, Porras MÁG, Kupczok A, Tegetmeyer HE, Dubilier N, Petersen J. 2019. Functional diversity enables multiple symbiont strains to coexist in deep-sea mussels. Nature Microbiology 4: 2487–2497. doi:10.1038/s41564-019-0572-9


Alexandrov T, Ovchinnikova K, Palmer A, Kovalev V, Tarasov A, Stuart L, Nigmetzianov R, Fay D, Key METASPACE Contributors. 2019. METASPACE: A community-populated knowledge base of spatial metabolomes in health and disease. bioRxiv 539478. doi:10.1101/539478


Berg JS, Pjevac P, Sommer T, Buckner CRT, Philippi M, Hach PF, Liebeke M, Holtappels M, Danza F, Tonolla M, Sengupta A, Schubert CJ, Milucka J, Kuypers MMM. n.d. Dark aerobic sulfide oxidation by anoxygenic phototrophs in anoxic waters. Environmental Microbiology 21: 1611-1626. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.14543


Geier B, Franke M, Ruthensteiner B, González Porras MÁ, Gruhl A, Wörmer L, Moosmann J, Hammel JU, Dubilier N, Leisch N, Liebeke M. 2019.  Correlative 3D anatomy and spatial chemistry in animal-microbe symbioses: developing sample preparation for phase-contrast synchrotron radiation based micro-computed tomography and mass spectrometry imaging. In: Developments in X-Ray Tomography XII. International Society for Optics and Photonics. 1111306.


Gruber-Vodicka HR, Leisch N, Kleiner M, Hinzke T, Liebeke M, McFall-Ngai M, Hadfield MG, Dubilier N. 2019. Two intracellular and cell type-specific bacterial symbionts in the placozoan Trichoplax H2. Nature Microbiology 4: 1465–1474. doi:10.1038/s41564-019-0475-9

  Jäckle O, Seah BKB, Tietjen M, Leisch N, Liebeke M, Kleiner M, Berg JS, Gruber-Vodicka HR. 2019. Chemosynthetic symbiont with a drastically reduced genome serves as primary energy storage in the marine flatworm Paracatenula. PNAS 116(17): 8505-8514. 201818995. doi:10.1073/pnas.1818995116  

Liebeke M, Puskás E. 2019. Drying Enhances Signal Intensities for Global GC–MS Metabolomics. Metabolites 9(4), 68. doi:10.3390/metabo9040068


Romero Picazo D, Dagan T, Ansorge R, Petersen JM, Dubilier N, Kupczok A. 2019. Horizontally transmitted symbiont populations in deep-sea mussels are genetically isolated. ISME J 13: 2954–2968. doi:10.1038/s41396-019-0475-z

  Rubin-Blum M, Dubilier N, Kleiner M. 2019. Genetic evidence for two carbon fixation pathways (the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle and the Reverse Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle) in symbiotic and free-living bacteria. mSphere 4(1): e00394-18. doi:10.1128/mSphere.00394-18  
  Rubin-Blum M, Antony CP, Sayavedra L, Martínez-Pérez C, Birgel D, Peckmann J, Wu Y-C, Cardenas P, MacDonald I, Marcon Y, Sahling H, Hentschel U, Dubilier N. 2019. Fueled by methane: deep-sea sponges from asphalt seeps gain their nutrition from methane-oxidizing symbionts. The ISME Journal 13: 1209–1225. doi:10.1038/s41396-019-0346-7  
  Sayavedra L, Ansorge R, Rubin-Blum M, Leisch N, Dubilier N, Petersen JM. 2019. Horizontal acquisition followed by expansion and diversification of toxin-related genes in deep-sea bivalve symbionts. bioRxiv 605386. doi:10.1101/605386  
  Schnier J, Ahlrichs WH,Gruhl A, Schulbert C, Teichert S, Kieneke A. 2019.  Ultrastructure of the epidermal gland system of Tetranchyroderma suecicum Boaden, 1960 (Gastrotricha: Macrodasyida) indicates a defensive function of its exudate. Zoomorphology 138(4):443–62.  
  Seah BKB, Antony CP, Huettel B, Zarzycki J, Schada von Borzyskowski L, Erb TJ, Kouris A, Kleiner M, Liebeke M, Dubilier N, Gruber-Vodicka HR. 2019. Sulfur-oxidizing symbionts without canonical genes for autotrophic CO2 fixation. mBio 10: e01112-19. doi:10.1128/mBio.01112-19  

Sogin EM, Puskás E, Dubilier N, Liebeke M. 2019. Marine Metabolomics: a method for nontargeted measurement of metabolites in seawater by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. mSystems 4(6): e00638-19. doi:10.1128/mSystems.00638-19


Wilkins LGE, Leray M, O’Dea A, Yuen B, Peixoto RS, Pereira TJ, Bik HM, Coil DA, Duffy JE, Herre EA, Lessios HA, Lucey NM, Mejia LC, Rasher DB, Sharp KH, Sogin EM, Thacker RW, Thurber RV, Wcislo WT, Wilbanks EG, et al. 2019. Host-associated microbiomes drive structure and function of marine ecosystems. PLOS Biology 17(11):e3000533.


Bang C, Dagan T, Deines P, Dubilier N, Duschl WJ, Fraune S, Hentschel U, Hirt H, Hülter N, Lachnit T, Picazo D, Pita L, Pogoreutz C, Rädecker N, Saad MM, Schmitz RA, Schulenburg H, Voolstra CR, Weiland-Bräuer N, Ziegler M, Bosch TCG. 2018. Metaorganisms in extreme environments: Do microbes play a role in organismal adaptation? Zoology 127: 1–19. doi:10.1016/j.zool.2018.02.004

  Bergin C, Wentrup C, Brewig N, Blazejak A, Erséus C, Giere O, Schmid M, De Wit P, Dubilier N. 2018. Acquisition of a novel sulfur-oxidizing symbiont in the gutless marine worm Inanidrilus exumae. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 84(7): e02267-17. doi:10.1128/AEM.02267-17

Callbeck CM, Lavik G, Ferdelman TG, Fuchs B, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Hach PF, Littmann S, Schoffelen NJ, Kalvelage T, Thomsen S, Schunck H, Löscher CR, Schmitz RA, Kuypers MMM. 2018. Oxygen minimum zone cryptic sulfur cycling sustained by offshore transport of key sulfur oxidizing bacteria. Nature Communications 9: 1729. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04041-x

  Jäckle O. 2018. Mouthless in marine sediments - symbiosis makes it possible In: Hempel G, Hempel I, Hornidge A-K, editors. Scientific Partnership for a Better Future. Bremen, Germany: Edition Falkenberg. pp. 25–28.

Kitzinger K, Koch H, Lücker S, Sedlacek C J, Herbold C, Schwarz J, Daebeler A, Mueller A J, Lukumbuzya M, Romano S, Leisch N, Karst S M, Kirkegaard R, Albertsen M, Nielsen P H, Wagner M, Daims H. 2018. Characterization of the first “Candidatus Nitrotoga” isolate reveals metabolic versatility and separate evolution of widespread nitrite-oxidizing bacteria. mBio 9: e01186-18.


Krukenberg V, Riedel D, Gruber‐Vodicka HR, Buttigieg PL, Tegetmeyer HE, Boetius A, Wegener G. 2018. Gene expression and ultrastructure of meso- and thermophilic methanotrophic consortia. Environmental Microbiology 20:1651–1666. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.14077


Krylova EM, Sahling H, Borowski C 2018. Resolving the status of the families Vesicomyidae and Kelliellidae (Bivalvia: Venerida), with notes on their ecology. Journal of Molluscan Studies 84(1): 69-91.


Laumer CE, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Hadfield MG, Pearse VB, Riesgo A, Marioni JC, Giribet G. 2018. Support for a clade of Placozoa and Cnidaria in genes with minimal compositional bias. eLife 7: e36278. doi:10.7554/eLife.36278


Pende N, Wang J, Weber PM, Verheul J, Kuru E, Rittmann SK-MR, Leisch N, VanNieuwenhze MS, Brun YV, den Blaauwen T, Bulgheresi S. 2018. Host-polarized cell growth in animal symbionts. Current Biology 28(7): 1039-1051.e5. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2018.02.028


Petersen JM, Kemper A, Gruber-Vodicka H, Cardini U, Geest M van der, Kleiner M, Bulgheresi S, Mußmann M, Herbold C, Seah BKB, Antony CP, Liu D, Belitz A, Weber M. 2018. Author Correction: Chemosynthetic symbionts of marine invertebrate animals are capable of nitrogen fixation. Nature Microbiology 3: 961. doi:10.1038/s41564-018-0196-5


Pjevac P, Meier DV, Markert S, Hentschker C, Schweder T, Becher D, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Richter M, Bach W, Amann R, Meyerdierks A. 2018. Metaproteogenomic profiling of microbial communities colonizing actively venting hydrothermal chimneys. Frontiers in Microbiology 9: 680. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2018.00680


Puentes-Cala E, Liebeke M, Markert S, Harder J. 2018a. Anaerobic degradation of bicyclic monoterpenes in Castellaniella defragrans. Metabolites 8(1): 12. doi:10.3390/metabo8010012


Puentes-Cala E, Liebeke M, Markert S, Harder J. 2018b. Limonene dehydrogenase hydroxylates the allylic methyl group of cyclic monoterpenes in the anaerobic terpene degradation by Castellaniella defragrans. Journal of Biological Chemistry jbc.RA117.001557. doi:10.1074/jbc.RA117.001557


Ruff SE, Felden J, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Marcon Y, Knittel K, Ramette A, Boetius A. 2018. In situ development of a methanotrophic microbiome in deep-sea sediments. The ISME Journal 13: 197–213. doi:10.1038/s41396-018-0263-1


Avcı B, Hahnke RL, Chafee M, Fischer T, Gruber‐Vodicka H, Tegetmeyer HE, Harder J, Fuchs BM, Amann RI, Teeling H. 2017. Genomic and physiological analyses of ‘Reinekea forsetii’ reveal a versatile opportunistic lifestyle during spring algae blooms. Environmental Microbiology 19:1209–1221. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13646


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Ponnudurai R, Kleiner M, Sayavedra L, Petersen JM, Moche M, Otto A, Becher D, Takeuchi T, Satoh N, Dubilier N, Schweder T, Markert S. 2017a. Metabolic and physiological interdependencies in the Bathymodiolus azoricus symbiosis. The ISME Journal 11:463–477. doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.124


Ponnudurai R, Sayavedra L, Kleiner M, Heiden SE, Thürmer A, Felbeck H, Schlüter R, Sievert SM, Daniel R, Schweder T, Markert S. 2017b. Genome sequence of the sulfur-oxidizing Bathymodiolus thermophilus gill endosymbiont. Standards in Genomic Sciences 12:50. doi:10.1186/s40793-017-0266-y


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Rubin-Blum M, Antony CP, Borowski C, Sayavedra L, Pape T, Sahling H, Bohrmann G, Kleiner M, Redmond MC, Valentine DL, Dubilier N. 2017. Short-chain alkanes fuel mussel and sponge Cycloclasticus symbionts from deep-sea gas and oil seeps. Nature Microbiology 2:17093. doi:10.1038/nmicrobiol.2017.93


Seah BKB, Schwaha T, Volland J-M, Huettel B, Dubilier N, Gruber-Vodicka HR. 2017. Specificity in diversity: Single origin of a widespread ciliate-bacteria symbiosis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 284:20170764. doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.0764


Tavormina PL, Kellermann MY, Antony CP, Tocheva EI, Dalleska NF, Jensen AJ, Valentine DL, Hinrichs K-U, Jensen GJ, Dubilier N, Orphan VJ. 2017. Starvation and recovery in the deep-sea methanotroph Methyloprofundus sedimenti. Molecular Microbiology 103:242–252. doi:10.1111/mmi.13553


Urbaniak T, Soto M, Liebeke M, Koschek K. 2017. Insight into the mechanism of reversible ring-opening of 1,3-Benzoxazine with thiols. The Journal of Organic Chemistry 82:4050–4055. doi:10.1021/acs.joc.6b02727


Verma A, Ojha AK, Pal Y, Kumari P, Schumann P, Gruber-Vodicka H, Dastager SG, Natarajan RK, Mayilraj S, Krishnamurthi S. 2017a. An investigation into the taxonomy of “Bacillus aminovorans” and its reclassification to the genus Domibacillus as Domibacillus aminovorans sp. nov. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 40:458–467. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2017.07.003


Verma A, Pal Y, Khatri I, Ojha AK, Gruber-Vodicka H, Schumann P, Dastager S, Subramanian S, Mayilraj S, Krishnamurthi S. 2017b. Examination into the taxonomic position of Bacillus thermotolerans Yang et al., 2013, proposal for its reclassification into a new genus and species Quasibacillus thermotolerans gen. nov., comb. nov. and reclassification of B. encimensis Dastager et al., 2015 as a later heterotypic synonym of B. badius. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 40:411–422. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2017.07.010


Assié A, Borowski C, van der Heijden K, Raggi L, Geier B, Leisch N, Schimak MP, Dubilier N, Petersen JM. 2016. A specific and widespread association between deep-sea Bathymodiolus mussels and a novel family of Epsilonproteobacteria. Environmental Microbiology Reports 8:805–813. doi:10.1111/1758-2229.12442


Berg JS, Michellod D, Pjevac P, Martinez‐Perez C, Buckner CRT, Hach PF, Schubert CJ, Milucka J, Kuypers MMM. 2016. Intensive cryptic microbial iron cycling in the low iron water column of the meromictic Lake Cadagno. Environmental Microbiology 18:5288–5302. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13587


Breusing C, Biastoch A, Drews A, Metaxas A, Jollivet D, Vrijenhoek RC, Bayer T, Melzner F, Sayavedra L, Petersen JM, Dubilier N, Schilhabel MB, Rosenstiel P, Reusch TBH. 2016. Biophysical and population genetic models predict the presence of “phantom” stepping stones connecting Mid-Atlantic Ridge vent ecosystems. Current Biology 26:2257–2267. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2016.06.062


Hamann E, Gruber-Vodicka H, Kleiner M, Tegetmeyer HE, Riedel D, Littmann S, Chen J, Milucka J, Viehweger B, Becker KW, Dong X, Stairs CW, Hinrichs K-U, Brown MW, Roger AJ, Strous M. 2016. Environmental Breviatea harbour mutualistic Arcobacter epibionts. Nature 534:254–258. doi:10.1038/nature18297


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Krukenberg V, Harding K, Richter M, Glöckner FO, Gruber‐Vodicka HR, Adam B, Berg JS, Knittel K, Tegetmeyer HE, Boetius A, Wegener G. 2016. Candidatus Desulfofervidus auxilii, a hydrogenotrophic sulfate-reducing bacterium involved in the thermophilic anaerobic oxidation of methane. Environmental Microbiology 18:3073–3091. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13283


Lehnen N, Marchant H, Schwedt A, Milucka J, Lott C, Weber M, Dekaezemacker J, Seah BKB, Hach PF, Mohr W, Kuypers MMM. 2016. High rates of microbial dinitrogen fixation and sulfate reduction associated with the Mediterranean seagrass Posidonia oceanica. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 39:476–483. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2016.08.004


Meier DV, Bach W, Girguis PR, Gruber‐Vodicka HR, Reeves EP, Richter M, Vidoudez C, Amann R, Meyerdierks A. 2016. Heterotrophic Proteobacteria in the vicinity of diffuse hydrothermal venting. Environmental Microbiology 18:4348–4368. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13304


Montanaro J, Gruber D, Leisch N. 2016. Improved ultrastructure of marine invertebrates using non-toxic buffers. PeerJ 4:e1860. doi:10.7717/peerj.1860


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Petersen JM, Kemper A, Gruber-Vodicka H, Cardini U, van der Geest M, Kleiner M, Bulgheresi S, Mußmann M, Herbold C, Seah BKB, Antony CP, Liu D, Belitz A, Weber M. 2016. Chemosynthetic symbionts of marine invertebrate animals are capable of nitrogen fixation. Nature Microbiology 2:16195. doi:10.1038/nmicrobiol.2016.195


Sahling H, Borowski C, Escobar-Briones E, Gaytán-Caballero A, Hsu C-W, Loher M, MacDonald I, Marcon Y, Pape T, Römer M, Rubin-Blum M, Schubotz F, Smrzka D, Wegener G, Bohrmann G. 2016. Massive asphalt deposits, oil seepage, and gas venting support abundant chemosynthetic communities at the Campeche Knolls, southern Gulf of Mexico. Biogeosciences 13:4491–4512. doi:10.5194/bg-13-4491-2016


Schimak MP, Kleiner M, Wetzel S, Liebeke M, Dubilier N, Fuchs BM. 2016. MiL-FISH: Multilabeled oligonucleotides for Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization improve visualization of bacterial cells. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 82:62–70. doi:10.1128/AEM.02776-15


Spurgeon DJ, Liebeke M, Anderson C, Kille P, Lawlor A, Bundy JG, Lahive E. 2016. Ecological drivers influence the distributions of two cryptic lineages in an earthworm morphospecies. Applied Soil Ecology 108:8–15. doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.07.013


Wippler J, Kleiner M, Lott C, Gruhl A, Abraham PE, Giannone RJ, Young JC, Hettich RL, Dubilier N. 2016. Transcriptomic and proteomic insights into innate immunity and adaptations to a symbiotic lifestyle in the gutless marine worm Olavius algarvensis. BMC Genomics 17:942. doi:10.1186/s12864-016-3293-y


Zimmermann J, Wentrup C, Sadowski M, Blazejak A, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Kleiner M, Ott JA, Cronholm B, De Wit P, Erséus C, Dubilier N. 2016. Closely coupled evolutionary history of ecto- and endosymbionts from two distantly related animal phyla. Molecular Ecology 25:3203–3223. doi:10.1111/mec.13554


Dubilier N, McFall-Ngai M, Zhao L. 2015. Microbiology: Create a global microbiome effort. Nature 526:631. doi:10.1038/526631a


Gruhl A. 2015. Myxozoa In: Wanninger A, editor. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 1. pp. 165–177. doi:10.1007/978-3-7091-1862-7_7


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Kleiner M, Wentrup C, Holler T, Lavik G, Harder J, Lott C, Littmann S, Kuypers MMM, Dubilier N. 2015. Use of carbon monoxide and hydrogen by a bacteria-animal symbiosis from seagrass sediments: Role of CO and H2 in a marine symbiosis. Environmental Microbiology 17:5023–5035. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.12912


Klose J, Polz MF, Wagner M, Schimak MP, Gollner S, Bright M. 2015. Endosymbionts escape dead hydrothermal vent tubeworms to enrich the free-living population. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112:11300–11305. doi:10.1073/pnas.1501160112


Liebeke M, Strittmatter N, Fearn S, Morgan AJ, Kille P, Fuchser J, Wallis D, Palchykov V, Robertson J, Lahive E, Spurgeon DJ, McPhail D, Takáts Z, Bundy JG. 2015. Unique metabolites protect earthworms against plant polyphenols. Nature Communications 6:7869. doi:10.1038/ncomms8869


Sayavedra L, Kleiner M, Ponnudurai R, Wetzel S, Pelletier E, Barbe V, Satoh N, Shoguchi E, Fink D, Breusing C, Reusch TB, Rosenstiel P, Schilhabel MB, Becher D, Schweder T, Markert S, Dubilier N, Petersen JM. 2015. Abundant toxin-related genes in the genomes of beneficial symbionts from deep-sea hydrothermal vent mussels. eLife 4:e07966. doi:10.7554/eLife.07966


Seah BKB, Gruber-Vodicka HR. 2015. gbtools: Interactive visualization of metagenome bins in R. Frontiers in Microbiology 6:1451. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2015.01451


Beinart RA, Nyholm SV, Dubilier N, Girguis PR. 2014. Intracellular Oceanospirillales inhabit the gills of the hydrothermal vent snail Alviniconcha with chemosynthetic, γ-Proteobacterial symbionts. Environmental Microbiology Reports 6:656–664.


Fagervold SK, Romano C, Kalenitchenko D, Borowski C, Nunes-Jorge A, Martin D, Galand PE. 2014. Microbial communities in sunken wood are structured by wood-boring bivalves and location in a submarine canyon. PLoS ONE 9:e96248. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096248


Hao J, Liebeke M, Astle W, Iorio MD, Bundy JG, Ebbels TMD. 2014. Bayesian deconvolution and quantification of metabolites in complex 1D NMR spectra using BATMAN. Nature Protocols 9:1416–1427. doi:10.1038/nprot.2014.090


Jan C, Petersen JM, Werner J, Teeling H, Huang S, Glöckner FO, Golyshina OV, Dubilier N, Golyshin PN, Jebbar M, Cambon-Bonavita M-A. 2014. The gill chamber epibiosis of deep-sea shrimp Rimicaris exoculata: An in-depth metagenomic investigation and discovery of Zetaproteobacteria. Environmental Microbiology 16:2723–2738. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.12406


Koschinsky A, Kausch M, Borowski C. 2014. Metal concentrations in the tissues of the hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus: Reflection of different metal sources. Marine Environmental Research 95:62–73. doi:10.1016/j.marenvres.2013.12.012


Mora-Lugo R, Zimmermann J, Rizk AM, Fernandez-Lahore M. 2014. Development of a transformation system for Aspergillus sojae based on the Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated approach. BMC Microbiology 14:247. doi:10.1186/s12866-014-0247-x


Ott JA, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Leisch N, Zimmermann J. 2014a. Phylogenetic confirmation of the genus Robbea (Nematoda: Desmodoridae, Stilbonematinae) with the description of three new species. Systematics and Biodiversity 12:434–455. doi:10.1080/14772000.2014.941038


Ott JA, Leisch N, Gruber-Vodicka HR. 2014b. Eubostrichus fertilis sp. n., a new marine nematode (Desmodoridae: Stilbonematinae) with an extraordinary reproductive potential from Belize, Central America. Nematology 16:777–787. doi:10.1163/15685411-00002807


Pende N, Leisch N, Gruber-Vodicka HR, Heindl NR, Ott J, den Blaauwen T, Bulgheresi S. 2014. Size-independent symmetric division in extraordinarily long cells. Nature Communications 5:4803. doi:10.1038/ncomms5803


Petersen J, Dubilier N. 2014. Gene swapping in the dead zone. eLife 3:e04600. doi:10.7554/eLife.04600


Russell JA, Dubilier N, Rudgers JA. 2014. Nature’s microbiome: Introduction. Molecular Ecology 23:1225–1237. doi:10.1111/mec.12676


Wentrup C, Wendeberg A, Schimak M, Borowski C, Dubilier N. 2014. Forever competent: Deep-sea bivalves are colonized by their chemosynthetic symbionts throughout their lifetime. Environmental Microbiology 16:3699–3713. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.12597


Kleiner M, Young JC, Shah M, VerBerkmoes NC, Dubilier N. 2013. Metaproteomics reveals abundant transposase expression in mutualistic endosymbionts. mBio 4:e00223-13-e00223-13. doi:10.1128/mBio.00223-13


Marcon Y, Sahling H, Borowski C, dos Santos Ferreira C, Thal J, Bohrmann G. 2013. Megafaunal distribution and assessment of total methane and sulfide consumption by mussel beds at Menez Gwen hydrothermal vent, based on geo-referenced photomosaics. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 75:93–109. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2013.01.008


McFall-Ngai M, Hadfield MG, Bosch TCG, Carey HV, Domazet-Lošo T, Douglas AE, Dubilier N, Eberl G, Fukami T, Gilbert SF, Hentschel U, King N, Kjelleberg S, Knoll AH, Kremer N, Mazmanian SK, Metcalf JL, Nealson K, Pierce NE, Rawls JF, Reid A, Ruby EG, Rumpho M, Sanders JG, Tautz D, Wernegreen JJ. 2013. Animals in a bacterial world, a new imperative for the life sciences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110:3229–3236. doi:10.1073/pnas.1218525110


Raggi L, Schubotz F, Hinrichs K-U, Dubilier N, Petersen JM. 2013. Bacterial symbionts of Bathymodiolus mussels and Escarpia tubeworms from Chapopote, an asphalt seep in the southern Gulf of Mexico. Environmental Microbiology 15:1969–1987. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.12051


Wentrup C, Wendeberg A, Huang JY, Borowski C, Dubilier N. 2013. Shift from widespread symbiont infection of host tissues to specific colonization of gills in juvenile deep-sea mussels. The ISME Journal 7:1244–1247. doi:10.1038/ismej.2013.5


Gros O, Elisabeth NH, Gustave SDD, Caro A, Dubilier N. 2012. Plasticity of symbiont acquisition throughout the life cycle of the shallow-water tropical lucinid Codakia orbiculata (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Environmental Microbiology 14:1584–1595. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2012.02748.x


Kellermann MY, Schubotz F, Elvert M, Lipp JS, Birgel D, Prieto-Mollar X, Dubilier N, Hinrichs K-U. 2012. Symbiont–host relationships in chemosynthetic mussels: A comprehensive lipid biomarker study. Organic Geochemistry 43:112–124. doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2011.10.005


Kleiner M, Petersen JM, Dubilier N. 2012. Convergent and divergent evolution of metabolism in sulfur-oxidizing symbionts and the role of horizontal gene transfer. Current Opinion in Microbiology 15:621–631. doi:10.1016/j.mib.2012.09.003


Kleiner M., Wentrup C, Lott C, Teeling H, Wetzel S, Young J, Chang Y-J, Shah M, VerBerkmoes NC, Zarzycki J, Fuchs G, Markert S, Hempel K, Voigt B, Becher D, Liebeke M, Lalk M, Albrecht D, Hecker M, Schweder T, Dubilier N. 2012. Metaproteomics of a gutless marine worm and its symbiotic microbial community reveal unusual pathways for carbon and energy use. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109:E1173–E1182. doi:10.1073/pnas.1121198109


Petersen JM, Wentrup C, Verna C, Knittel K, Dubilier N. 2012. Origins and evolutionary flexibility of chemosynthetic symbionts from deep-sea animals. The Biological Bulletin 223:123–137. doi:10.1086/BBLv223n1p123


van der Heijden K, Petersen JM, Dubilier N, Borowski C. 2012. Genetic connectivity between North and South Mid-Atlantic Ridge chemosynthetic bivalves and their symbionts. PLoS ONE 7:e39994. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039994


Wendeberg A, Zielinski FU, Borowski C, Dubilier N. 2012. Expression patterns of mRNAs for methanotrophy and thiotrophy in symbionts of the hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis. The ISME Journal 6:104–112. doi:10.1038/ismej.2011.81


Hügler M, Petersen JM, Dubilier N, Imhoff JF, Sievert SM. 2011. Pathways of carbon and energy metabolism of the epibiotic community associated with the deep-sea hydrothermal vent shrimp Rimicaris exoculata. PLoS ONE 6:e16018. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0016018


Kleiner M, Woyke T, Ruehland C, Dubilier N. 2011. The Olavius algarvensis metagenome revisited: Lessons learned from the analysis of the low-diversity microbial consortium of a gutless marine worm In: de Bruijn FJ, editor. Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology II. Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. pp. 319–333. doi:10.1002/9781118010549.ch32


Petersen JM, Zielinski FU, Pape T, Seifert R, Moraru C, Amann R, Hourdez S, Girguis PR, Wankel SD, Barbe V, Pelletier E, Fink D, Borowski C, Bach W, Dubilier N. 2011. Hydrogen is an energy source for hydrothermal vent symbioses. Nature 476:176–180. doi:10.1038/nature10325


Zielinski FU, Gennerich H-H, Borowski C, Wenzhöfer F, Dubilier N. 2011. In situ measurements of hydrogen sulfide, oxygen, and temperature in diffuse fluids of an ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal vent field (Logatchev, 14°45′N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge): Implications for chemosymbiotic bathymodiolin mussels. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 12:Q0AE04. doi:10.1029/2011GC003632



Petersen JM, Dubilier N. 2010. Symbiotic methane oxidizers In: Timmis KN, editor. Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 1977–1996. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-77587-4_145


Petersen JM, Ramette A, Lott C, Cambon‐Bonavita M-A, Zbinden M, Dubilier N. 2010. Dual symbiosis of the vent shrimp Rimicaris exoculata with filamentous gamma- and epsilonproteobacteria at four Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal vent fields. Environmental Microbiology 12:2204–2218. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.02129.x


Rühland C, Dubilier N. 2010. Gamma- and epsilonproteobacterial ectosymbionts of a shallow-water marine worm are related to deep-sea hydrothermal vent ectosymbionts. Environmental Microbiology 12:2312–2326. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2010.02256.x


Verna C, Ramette A, Wiklund H, Dahlgren TG, Glover AG, Gaill F, Dubilier N. 2010. High symbiont diversity in the bone-eating worm Osedax mucofloris from shallow whale-falls in the North Atlantic. Environmental Microbiology 12:2355–2370. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2010.02299.x


Zielinski F, Dubilier N. 2010. Der Eu­k­a­ryoten-Zellkern als öko­lo­gis­che Nis­che für Bak­ter­ien. BIOspektrum 01.10:12–15.


Petersen JM, Dubilier N. 2009. Methanotrophic symbioses in marine invertebrates. Environmental Microbiology Reports 1:319–335. doi:10.1111/j.1758-2229.2009.00081.x


Zielinski FU, Pernthaler A, Duperron S, Raggi L, Giere O, Borowski C, Dubilier N. 2009. Widespread occurrence of an intranuclear bacterial parasite in vent and seep bathymodiolin mussels. Environmental Microbiology 11:1150–1167. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01847.x


Dubilier N, Bergin C, Lott C. 2008. Symbiotic diversity in marine animals: The art of harnessing chemosynthesis. Nature Reviews Microbiology 6:725–740. doi:10.1038/nrmicro1992


Lösekann T, Robador A, Niemann H, Knittel K, Boetius A, Dubilier N. 2008. Endosymbioses between bacteria and deep-sea siboglinid tubeworms from an Arctic Cold Seep (Haakon Mosby Mud Volcano, Barents Sea). Environmental Microbiology 10:3237–3254. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01712.x


Martínez‐García M, Stief P, Díaz‐Valdés M, Wanner G, Ramos‐Esplá A, Dubilier N, Antón J. 2008. Ammonia-oxidizing Crenarchaeota and nitrification inside the tissue of a colonial ascidian. Environmental Microbiology 10:2991–3001. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01761.x


Rühland C, Blazejak A, Lott C, Loy A, Erséus C, Dubilier N. 2008. Multiple bacterial symbionts in two species of co-occurring gutless oligochaete worms from Mediterranean sea grass sediments. Environmental Microbiology 10:3404–3416. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01728.x


Dubilier N. 2007. The searchlight and the bucket of microbial ecology. Environmental Microbiology 9:2–3. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01222_2.x


Duperron S, Sibuet M, MacGregor BJ, Kuypers MMM, Fisher CR, Dubilier N. 2007. Diversity, relative abundance and metabolic potential of bacterial endosymbionts in three Bathymodiolus mussel species from cold seeps in the Gulf of Mexico. Environmental Microbiology 9:1423–1438. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2007.01259.x


Haase KM, Petersen S, Koschinsky A, Seifert R, Devey CW, Keir R, Lackschewitz KS, Melchert B, Perner M, Schmale O, Süling J, Dubilier N, Zielinski F, Fretzdorff S, Garbe‐Schönberg D, Westernströer U, German CR, Shank TM, Yoerger D, Giere O, Kuever J, Marbler H, Mawick J, Mertens C, Stöber U, Walter M, Ostertag‐Henning C, Paulick H, Peters M, Strauss H, Sander S, Stecher J, Warmuth M, Weber S. 2007. Young volcanism and related hydrothermal activity at 5°S on the slow-spreading southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 8:Q11002. doi:10.1029/2006GC001509


Musat N, Giere O, Gieseke A, Thiermann F, Amann R, Dubilier N. 2007. Molecular and morphological characterization of the association between bacterial endosymbionts and the marine nematode Astomonema sp. from the Bahamas. Environmental Microbiology 9:1345–1353. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01232.x


Pernice M, Wetzel S, Gros O, Boucher-Rodoni R, Dubilier N. 2007. Enigmatic dual symbiosis in the excretory organ of Nautilus macromphalus (Cephalopoda: Nautiloidea). Proceedings Biological Sciences 274:1143–1152. doi:10.1098/rspb.2006.0353


Pradillon F, Schmidt A, Peplies J, Dubilier N. 2007. Species identification of marine invertebrate early stages by whole-larvae in situ hybridisation of 18S ribosomal RNA. Marine Ecology Progress Series 333:103–116. doi:10.3354/meps333103


Blazejak A, Kuever J, Erseus C, Amann R, Dubilier N. 2006. Phylogeny of 16S rRNA, Ribulose 1,5-Bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase, and Adenosine 5’-Phosphosulfate reductase genes from gamma- and alphaproteobacterial symbionts in gutless marine worms (Oligochaeta) from Bermuda and the Bahamas. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72:5527–5536. doi:10.1128/AEM.02441-05


da Silva SG, Gillan D, Dubilier N, Ridder C. 2006. Characterization by 16S rRNA gene analysis and in situ hybridization of bacteria living in the hindgut of a deposit-feeding echinoid (Echinodermata). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 86:1209–1213. doi:10.1017/S0025315406014202


Duperron S, Bergin C, Zielinski F, Blazejak A, Pernthaler A, McKiness ZP, DeChaine E, Cavanaugh CM, Dubilier N. 2006. A dual symbiosis shared by two mussel species, Bathymodiolus azoricus and Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis (Bivalvia: Mytilidae), from hydrothermal vents along the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Environmental Microbiology 8:1441–1447. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01038.x


Musat N, Werner U, Knittel K, Kolb S, Dodenhof T, van Beusekom JEE, de Beer D, Dubilier N, Amann R. 2006. Microbial community structure of sandy intertidal sediments in the North Sea, Sylt-Rømø Basin, Wadden Sea. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 29:333–348. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2005.12.006


Rühland C, Bergin C, Lott C, Dubilier N. 2006. Darmlose marine Würmer: Symbiosen mit mikrobiellen Konsortien. BIOspektrum 12:600–602.


Woyke T, Teeling H, Ivanova NN, Huntemann M, Richter M, Gloeckner FO, Boffelli D, Anderson IJ, Barry KW, Shapiro HJ, Szeto E, Kyrpides NC, Mussmann M, Amann R, Bergin C, Rühland C, Rubin EM, Dubilier N. 2006. Symbiosis insights through metagenomic analysis of a microbial consortium. Nature 443:950–955. doi:10.1038/nature05192


2005 Blazejak A, Erseus C, Amann R, Dubilier N. 2005. Coexistence of bacterial sulfide-oxidizers, sulfate-reducers, and spirochetes in a gutless worm (Oligochaeta) from the Peru Margin. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71:1553–1561. doi:10.1128/AEM.71.3.1553-1561.2005

de Beer D, Wenzhöfer F, Ferdelman TG, Boehme SE, Huettel M, Beusekom JEE van, Böttcher ME, Musat N, Dubilier N. 2005. Transport and mineralization rates in North Sea sandy intertidal sediments, Sylt-Rømø Basin, Wadden Sea. Limnology and Oceanography 50:113–127. doi:10.4319/lo.2005.50.1.0113


Dubilier N, Blazejak A, Rühland C. 2005. Symbioses between bacteria and gutless marine oligochaetes In: Overmann J, editor. Molecular Basis of Symbiosis. New York: Springer. pp. 251–275.


Duperron S, Nadalig T, Caprais J-C, Sibuet M, Fiala-Médioni A, Amann R, Dubilier N. 2005. Dual symbiosis in a Bathymodiolus sp. mussel from a methane seep on the Gabon Continental Margin (Southeast Atlantic): 16S rRNA phylogeny and distribution of the symbionts in gills. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71:1694–1700. doi:10.1128/AEM.71.4.1694-1700.2005


Urakawa H, Dubilier N, Fujiwara Y, Cunningham DE, Kojima S, Stahl DA. 2005. Hydrothermal vent gastropods from the same family (Provannidae) harbour epsilon- and gamma-proteobacterial endosymbionts. Environmental Microbiology 7:750–754. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00753.x


Dubilier N. 2004. Mul­tiple bac­ter­ial en­dosym­bionts in gut­less mar­ine worms: com­pet­it­ors or part­ners? Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 88:107–112.


Gillan DC, Dubilier N. 2004. Novel epibiotic Thiothrix bacterium on a marine amphipod. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70:3772–3775. doi:10.1128/AEM.70.6.3772-3775.2004

 2001 Dubilier N, Mülders C, Ferdelman T, de Beer D, Pernthaler A, Klein M, Wagner M, Erséus C, Thiermann F, Krieger J, Giere O, Amann R. 2001. Endosymbiotic sulphate-reducing and sulphide-oxidizing bacteria in an oligochaete worm. Nature 411:298–302. doi:10.1038/35077067

Krieger J, Giere O, Dubilier N. 2000. Localization of RubisCO and sulfur in endosymbiotic bacteria of the gutless marine oligochaete Inanidrilus leukodermatus (Annelida). Marine Biology 137:239–244.


Dubilier N, Amann R, Erséus C, Muyzer G, Park S, Giere O, Cavanaugh CM. 1999. Phylogenetic diversity of bacterial endosymbionts in the gutless marine oligochete Olavius loisae (Annelida). Marine Ecology Progress Series 178:271–280.


Giere O, Preusse J-H, Dubilier N. 1999. Tubificoides benedii (Tubificidae, Oligochaeta) – a pioneer in hypoxic and sulfidic environments. An overview of adaptive pathways. Hydrobiologia 406:235–241. doi:10.1023/A:1003711914788


Dubilier N, Giere O, Distel DL, Cavanaugh CM. 1995a. Characterization of chemoautotrophic bacterial symbionts in a gutless marine worm Oligochaeta, Annelida) by phylogenetic 16S rRNA sequence analysis and in situ hybridization. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 61:2346–2350.


Dubilier N, Giere O, Grieshaber MK. 1995b. Morphological and ecophysiological adaptations of the marine Oligochaete Tubificoides benedii to sulfidic sediments. American Zoologist 35:163–173.


Dubilier N. 1988. H2S—A settlement cue or a toxic substance for Capitella sp. I larvae? The Biological Bulletin 174:30–38. doi:10.2307/1541756


Giere O, Rhode B, Dubilier N. 1988. Structural peculiarities of the body wall of Tubificoides benedii (Oligochaeta) and possible relations to its life in sulphidic sediments. Zoomorphology 108:29–39. doi:10.1007/BF00312212


PhD Students

  • Målin Tietjen (2021) "Physiology and ecology of deep-sea Bathymodiolus symbioses". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Miguel Ángel González Porras (2020) "Molecular biology and evolution of the bacterial intranuclear parasite Ca. Endonucleobacter". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Benedikt Geier (2020) "Correlative mass spectrometry imaging of animal-microbe symbioses". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Rebecca Ansorge (2019) "Strain diversity and evolution in endosymbionts of Bathymodiolus mussels". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Oliver Jäckle (2018) "Evolution and physiology of the Paracatenula symbiosis". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Brandon K. B. Seah (2017) "The bacterial ectosymbionts of the ciliate Kentrophoros". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Lizbeth Sayavedra Camacho (2016) "Host-symbiont interactions and metabolism of chemosynthetic symbiosis in deep-sea Bathymodiolus mussels". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Adrien Assié (2016) “Deep se(a)quencing: A study of deep-sea ectosymbioses using next generation sequencing". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Juliane Wippler (2016) “Characterization of host-symbiont molecular interactions and evolutionary relationships in the gutless oligochaete Olavius algarvensis". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Mario Schimak (2016) "Transmission of bacterial symbionts in the gutless oligochaete Olavius algarvensis. International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Judith Zimmermann (2015) "Diversity, specificity and evolutionary history of marine invertebrate symbioses and functions of the sulfur-oxidizing symbionts". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Manuel Kleiner (2012) "Metabolism and evolutionary ecology of chemosynthetic symbionts from marine invertebrates". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Cecilia Wentrup (2012) "Acquisition and Activity of Bacterial Symbionts in Marine Invertebrates". Fachbereich Biologie/Chemie, University of Bremen
  • Dennis Fink (2011) "Dynamics of Symbiont Abundance in Bathymodiolin Deep-Sea Symbioses". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Caroline Verna (2010) “Phylogeny and Diversity of Symbionts from Whale Fall Invertebrates”. International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen and University of Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris
  • Caroline Ruehland (2010) "Characterization of Bacterial Ecto- and Endosymbionts of Oligochaete Worms from Marine Sediments: Phylogeny and Metabolic Potential". Fachbereich Biologie/Chemie, University of Bremen
  • Luciana Raggi (2010) "Bacterial – Invertebrate Symbioses: From an Asphalt Cold Seep to Shallow Waters". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Jillian Petersen-Struck (2009) “Biogeography of bacterial symbionts from hydrothermal vent shrimp and mussels”. International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Claudia Bergin (2009) "Molecular physiology of bacterial symbionts in gutless marine oligochaetes". Fachbereich Biologie/Chemie, University of Bremen.
  • Frank Zielinski (2008) "Geobiological coupling of hydrothermal vent fluids with endosymbiotic primary producers of Bathymodiolus mussels from hydrothermal vents on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge”. Fachbereich Biologie/Chemie, University of Bremen.
  • Niculina Musat (2006) "Molecular characterization of symbiotic associations between chemoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing microorganisms and nematodes in shallow marine sediments". Fachbereich Biologie/Chemie, University of Bremen.
  • Sébastien Duperron (2005) "Bacterial symbioses in mytilid bivalves associated with cold seeps and hydrothermal vents: diversity, nutritional role, and influence of the environment". University of Paris 6, France. Joint PhD with Myriam Sibuet (IFREMER, France)
  • Anna Blazejak (2005) "Phylogenetic and functional characterization of symbiotic bacteria in gutless marine worms (Annelida, Oligochaeta)”. Fachbereich Biologie/Chemie, University of Bremen.

MSc Students

  • Hagen Buck-Wiese (2019)
  • Svenja Diester (2019) "Symbiont digestion in the gutless oligochaete Olavius algarvensis". Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg.
  • Marius Poulain (2019) "Functional and comparative genomic analyses of the Delta4-proteobacterial symbionts of gutless oligochaetes". Université Paris Sud.
  • Patric Bourceau (2019) "Combining mass spectrometry, chemoinformatics and bioinformatics to elucidate the metabolism of unusual phosphorous compounds in host-symbiont systems". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Caroline Zeidler (2019) "Bioplastic-eating animals: Polyhydroxyalkanoate-degrading enzymes in a chemosymbiotic worm". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Alaina Weinheimer (2018) "Investigating the virome associated with the symbiosis between deep sea Bathymodiolus mussels and their chemosynthetic microbial partners". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Tina Enders (2017) “Role of carbon monoxide in the biogeochemistry of Posidonia oceanica seagrass peat". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Maximillian Franke (2017) “Symbiont colonization in early developmental stages of the deep-sea mussel Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Merle Ücker (2017) “Understanding microbial symbioses in bathymodiolin hybrid host species using metagenomics". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Moritz Janda (2017) “Mass spectrometry imaging based metabolomics of host-microbe interactions in marine invertebrates”. University of Bremen.
  • Anna Mankowski (2017) “Comparative and functional genomics of deltaproteobacterial symbionts of gutless oligochaetes". University of Bremen.
  • Pierre Methou (2016) “Expression of Olavius algarvensis respiratory pigments revealed through mRNA whole-mount in situ hybridization”. Master Sciences de l’Univers, Environnement, Ecologie Spécialité : EcoPhysiologie et EcoToxicologie.
  • Dolma Michellod (2016) "Metabolic analyses of symbioses between chemoautotrophic bacteria and marine invertebrates". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Miriam Brandt (2015) "Characterization and comparative study of the chemosynthethic symbiosis in gutless marine oligochaetes from Belize and Bermuda". University of Bremen.
  • Miguel Angel Gonzalez Porras (2015) "Probing the complexity of a deep-sea symbiosis: Establishing geneFISH as a technique to image symbiont strain-specific differences in metabolic potential". International MSc in Marine Biodiversity and Conservation. MSc program of consortium of 6 European universities.
  • Benedikt Geier (2015) "A correlative approach for combining multimodal imaging techniques in a 3D scenario". External student from the LMU Munich.
  • Anna Kemper (2015) "Symbiont metabolic potential and host symbiont interactions in the lucinid chemosynthetic symbiosis from Elba, Italy. International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Rahel Yemanaberhan (2015) "Carbon incorporation and transfer in marine symbiotic worms". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Rebecca Ansorge (2014) “Strain diversity and genome evolution in chemoautotrophic symbionts of Bathymodiolus mussels”. International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Oliver Jäckle (2014) “Experimental molecular and biochemical characterization of the Paracatenula symbiosis”. International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen
  • Kwee Boon Brandon Seah (2013) “Bacterial ectosymbionts of the ciliate Kentrophoros”. International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen
  • Miriam Sadowski (2013) “Molecular characterization of ectosymbiotic bacteria from nematodes in a shallow water system”. International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen
  • Laura Gallego Valle (2012) "Microdiversity in host-associated and free-living symbionts of Bathymodiolus mussels from Mid-Atlantic Ridge". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Lizbeth Sayavedra Camacho (2012) "Comparative genomics of symbiotic and free-living chemoautotrophic bacteria". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Juliane Wippler (2011) "Analysis of mobile DNA in endosymbionts of the gutless marine oligochaete worm Olavius algarvensis". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology. University of Bremen.
  • Judith Zimmermann (2010) "Molecular characterization of a vestimentiferan tubeworm and its endosymbiotic bacteria from a hydrothermal vent in the Mediterranean Sea". University of Bremen.
  • Dennis Fink (2008) “Distribution, abundance and productivity of endosymbionts in the deep-sea mussel Bathymodiolus”. International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Karina Röse (2008) “Symbiosis between bacteria and bathymodioline mussels at hydrothermal vent and cold seep sites”. International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Luciana Raggi (2007) “Molecular studies of two different bacterial symbioses in invertebrates: diversity and biogeography”. International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Jillian Petersen-Struck (2006) "Molecular studies of deep-sea invertebrate symbioses: characterisation, geobiological coupling, and biogeography". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Nancy Brewig (2006) "Molecular biological characterization of the symbionts from the gutless marine oligochaete Inanidrilus exumae". University of Hamburg.
  • Amelia Rotaru (2005) "Genomic analysis of the endosymbiotic communities of a gutless marine worm (Olavius algarvensis)". International Max Planck Research School for Marine Microbiology, University of Bremen.
  • Mirjam Perner (2003) "Biogechemical and microbiological characterisation of marine sediments in Elba - a contribution to an ecosystematic analysis of oligochaetes with bacterial symbionts". University of Hamburg.
  • Christina Zaluski (2003) "Molecular biological characterisation of bacterial symbionts in the marine gutless oligochaete Inandrilus leukodermatus". University of Hamburg.
  • Claudia Bergin (2002) "Characterisation of stabile carbon isotopes in tissues and RNA of mussels with endosymbiotic bacteria". University of Bremen.
  • Anna Blazejak (2001) "Molecular characterisation of bacteria associated with marine oligochaetes (Annelida)". Technical University Berlin.
  • Steffen Kolb (1999) "Abundances and vertical distribution of sulfate-reducing and chemolithotrophic sulfur-oxdizing bacteria in sandy Wadden Sea sediments". University of Bremen.
  • Caroline Rühland (1999) "Molecular characterization of bacteria associated with marine oligochaetes (Annelida)". University of Hamburg.
  • Arnd Prilip (1999) "Characterisation of ectosymbionts of marine nematodes from the genus Leptonemella and free-living sulfur-oxidizing bacteria with microbiological and molecular methods". University of Bremen.
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